Cowlesite: the first natural 2D zeolite

Pisa, 26/10/2020

Researchers of the Electron Crystallography research line coordinated by Mauro Gemmi have just published onACS Central Science the crystal structure of Cowlesite, a natural zeolite known since the 70’s but whose structure remained a mystery for years. The crystal structure determination is based on 3D electron diffraction, a novel method of structure characterization developed at CNI. The researchers have prepared the sample of Cowlesite by fast freezing a dispersion of crystals in water. In this way the crystals have been covered by vitrified ice, which prevented them to lose the interstitial water in the vacuum of the microscope, maintaining their crystal structure intact. Cowlesite structure is really unconventional. It is formed by 2D zeolitic blocks weakly bounded by Ca and water layers, which are responsible for its highly defective structure. Interestingly, if Cowlesite is not covered with vitrified ice, in the microscope vacuum it loses water and the 2D blocks attached forming a novel 3D zeolitic framework. Cowlesite is the first 2D natural zeolite ever discovered.

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5DNanoPrinting has started!

The 5D NanoPrinting project has started with its first virtual kick-off meeting held in the IIT - Center for MicroBioRobotics in Pontedera the 21st of September. The goal of the project is to create an innovative technology for the rapid-prototyping realization of micro(nano)machines and components that will find several cutting-edge applications in fields like consumer electronics, automotive and healthcare. 5dNanoPrinting was granted a budget of 3.58 million euros under the EU’s Horizon 2020 FET Open Program. CNI is participating to the project with a team of researchers of the Electron Crystallography research line coordinated by Mauro Gemmi.